The game of roulette reached England around 1820 and later made its debut in America. The first modern roulette wheel had pockets numbering 1 through 36, along with zero and double zero. Frenchman Louis Blanc is credited for creating the first single-zero roulette wheel in the mid-1800’s. He introduced this game in his gambling hall in Germany, and because of the better odds for gamblers, the game quickly gained popularity. When Germany later outlawed gambling, Blanc went to Monaco at the request of Prince Charles and opened a casino. With some political influence, the railroad was extended and general services were expanded to Monte Carlo. As a result of this, Monaco became the premier gambling destination of Europe. Blanc’s casino was the only casino which offered roulette until the mid 1930’s.
In the meantime, the double-zero version of roulette made its way to the United States where it became the game of choice in the frontier. It was a big hit during the California gold rush years, where fortunes were won and lost on a daily basis. The game of Roulette is now played in virtually every gambling house in Europe and the Americas.